eternal return / op.2 übermenschen
‘eternal return’ conveys a immortal message to mankind to provoke a sense of obligation for the time being. The artwork was realized using an abandoned cathode ray tube TV found on the street. By refurbishing it, the rubbish returned its life to be used as another purpose. The ape has been displayed in the TV using 3D animation technique, allowing it to speak out verses freely. The caption is cited from Friedrich Nietzsche’s ‘Thus Spoke Zarathustra”, where Zarathustra speaks out the context of ‘übermenschen (superman)’. The artwork plots a question through an ape to indicate our accelerating materialism in our system without the true means of continuum. In order to provide a multidimensional perspective, the artwork metaphorically expresses corresponding elements such as material and spirit, past and future, beginning and end, devolution and evolution. The ape is often used as a common icon to resemble our beliefs and intelligence. Hanuman from the ancient India, Sarutahiko from old Shintoism, the symbol of the three wise monkeys from ancient civilizations. In Kubrick’s '2001: A Space Odyssey', the ape discovers the usage of tools underlying the birth of our technological era. The first ever primate to be in space was a monkey, to investigate the biological effects of space travel. The artwork connects the historical symbolism, modern consumerism and Nietzsche's words. ‘eternal return’ gives a moment to think over our behavior and the system that amplifies the endless ego. It concludes its purpose by creating ironic relations between artificial intelligence and the viewer, questioning the zeitgeist in these times of rapidly shifting paradigms. Note: this film work has been on board NASA's spacecraft 'OSIRIS-REx', launched on September 8, 2016, staying in space for millenia. The ironic situation of an ape speaking over superman in a empty space extends the imagination and meaning toward this artwork.